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    2013年山东高考英语阅表达解题解析
    编辑:admin 更新时间:2015-7-14 9:47:20 来源:中学英语网 【字号: 】 浏览:

    第一节   阅读表达(第76、77、80题每题3分,第78题4分,79题2分,满分15分)

    阅读下面短文并用英语回答问题,交答案与在答题卡相应的位置上(请注意76、77、79和80四个小题后面的词数要求)。

    [1] Jean Paul Getty was born in 1892 in Minneapolis, Minnesota. He became a millionaire when he was only 24. His father was wealthy, but he did not help his son. Getty made his millions alone. He made his money from oil. He owned Getty Oil and over 100 other companies. The Fortune magazine once called Getty “the richest man in the world.”

    [2] But money _________. He married five times and divorced five times. He had five children but spent little time with them. None of Getty’s children had very happy lives.

    [3] Getty loved to make money and loved to save it. In spite of his great wealth, Getty was a miser. Every evening, he wrote down every cent he spent that day. He even put pay telephones in the guest’s bedrooms in his house so he could save money on phone bills.

    [4] In 1973, kidnappers took his 16-year-old grandson, and demanded a large amount of money for his safe return. Getty’s son asked his father for money to save his child. But Getty refused. The kidnappers were merciless and Getty’s son made repeated requests for help from his father. Finally, Getty agreed to lend the money, but at 4 percent interest.

    [5] Getty started a museum at his home Malibu, California. He bought many important and beautiful pieces of art for the museum. When Getty died in 1976, the value of the collection in the museum was $1 billion. He left all his money to the museum. After his death, the museum grew in size. Today it is one of the most important museums in the United States. Getty made a large fortune in his life, but he gave his money to the art world because he wanted people to learn about and love art.

    76. What is the main idea of Paragraph 1? (no more than 8 words)
    ____________________________________________________________________________

    77. Fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with proper words. (no more than 7 words)
    ____________________________________________________________________________

    78. Explain the underlined sentence in Paragraph3.
    ____________________________________________________________________________

    79. What did the kidnappers do to Getty’s family (no more than 10 words)
    ____________________________________________________________________________

    80. What does the author want to tell us about Getty in the last paragraph? (no more than 10 words)
    ____________________________________________________________________________

    76.【答案】Jean Paul Getty made a fortune by himself.

    【解析】段落主旨大意题。第一段没有主旨句,但是通过对整段内容的把握,我们可以看出,Jean Paul Getty挣了很多钱,但是靠自己努力的结果,没有靠父亲的帮忙。

    77.【答案】didn’t bring happiness

    【解析】第一个词是but,与前文形成转折关系,第一段说Getty很有钱,但是第二段中说他结了5次婚,离了5次婚,并且他的孩子也都不快乐,所以应该填钱没有带来幸福。

    78.【答案】Although he was wealthy, he wanted to save every cent./he didn’t want to waste money./he was mean.

    【解析】本题是用英语“解释”,而不是用中文“翻译”,关键是短语“in spite of”,尽管的意思, “miser”通过下文中他的行为可以看出来他是个“小气鬼”。

    79.【答案】They took Getty’s grandson for money.

    【解析】对原文“kidnappers took his 16-year-old grandson, and demanded a large amount of money for his safe return.”的简化,精简到10个字之内就可以了。

    80.【答案】Getty contributed a lot to the art world.

    【解析】最后一段中介绍了Getty对他创立的艺术博物馆的贡献,从而说明他对艺术做出了巨大的贡献。


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