站内搜索:
  • 您的位置:首页 > 英语语法 > 初中英语语法 > 正文
    过去完成进行时的构成及用法
    编辑:admin 更新时间:2017-9-18 9:50:39 来源:中学英语网 【字号: 】 浏览:

    1. 过去完成进行时的构成

    过去完成进行时是由"had been + 现在分词"构成的,例如:
     
    She had been suffering from a bad cold when she took the exam.

    她在考试之前一直患重感冒。

    They had been expecting the news for some time?

    他们期待这个消息有一段时间了吧?

    Rafael was scolded even though he hadn't been doing anything wrong.

    尽管拉斐尔没做什么错事,但他还是挨骂了。

    2. 过去完成进行时用法

    1)表示过去某一时间之前一直进行的动作。

    过去完成进行时表示动作在过去某一时间之前开始,一直延续到这一过去时间。和过去完成时一样,过去完成进行时也必须以一过去时间为前提。

    I had been looking for it for days before I found it.

    这东西我找了好多天才找着的。

    They had only been waiting for the bus a few moments when it came.

    他们只等了一会儿车就来了。

    2)表示反复的动作。

    He had been mentioning your name to me.

    他过去多次向我提到过你的名字。

    You had been giving me everything.

    你对我真是有求必应。

    3)常用于间接引语中

    The doctor asked what he had been eating.

    医生问他吃了什么。

    I asked where they had been staying all those days.

    我问他们那些天是呆在哪儿的。

    4)接具有“突然”之意when句。

    I had only been reading a few minutes when he came in.

    我刚看了几分钟他就进来了。

    She'd only been reviewing her lessons for a short while when her little sister interrupted her.

    她温习功课才一会儿,她妹妹就打断她了。

    I had been sleeping when my friend telephone me.

    我正在睡觉时,我的朋友给我打电话。

    3. 特别含义

    1)尚未完成:

    He had been writing the novel.(He had not finished it yet.)他一直在写小说。

    2)企图:

    He had been studying the meaning of this proverb.(He was trying to study it.)他一直在研究这个谚语的意思。

    3)未得结果:

    We had been studying what our enemy had said.(But we were not able to understand it.)我们一直在研究敌人所说的话。

    4)最近情况:

    He had been quarrelling with his wife.(lately)他一直在和妻子吵架。

    5)反复动作:

    He had been asking me the same question.(Many times)他问过我同样的问题。

    6)情绪:

    What had he been doing?(不耐烦)他在干什么?


    分享到:
    关闭窗口】【我要打印
    发表评论
    * 评论内容:
    * 用户名:匿名发表 *不选请在前面输入您的大名
    * 验证码: 验证码,看不清楚?请点击刷新验证码 *请输入4位数的验证码
     
    发表评论须知:
    一、所发文章必须遵守《互联网电子公告服务管理规定》;
    二、严禁发布供求代理信息、公司介绍、产品信息等广告宣传信息;
    三、严禁恶意重复发帖;
    四、严禁对个人、实体、民族、国家等进行漫骂、污蔑、诽谤。
    名师视频辅导