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    高中英语必修4 Unit 4 听力 Reading
    编辑:admin 更新时间:2015-11-3 9:46:19 来源:中学英语网 【字号: 】 浏览:

    资源名称:高中英语必修4 Unit 4 A Body language 听力 Reading
    资源版本:普通高中课程标准实验教科书

           Yesterday, another student and I, representing1 our university’s student association2, went to the Capital International Airport to meet this year’s international students. They were coming to study at Beijing University. We would take them first to their dormitories3 and then to the student canteen. After half an hour of waiting for their flight to arrive, I saw several young people enter the waiting area looking around curiously4. I stood for a minute watching them and then went to greet them.

           The first person to arrive was Tony Garcia from Colombia, closely5 followed by Julia Smith from Britain. After I met them and then introduced them to each other, I was very surprised. Tony approached Julia, touched her shoulder and kissed her on the cheek! She stepped back appearing surprised and put up her hands, as if in defence6. I guessed that there was probably a major misunderstanding. Then Akira Nagata from Japan came in smiling, together with George Cook from Canada. As they were introduced, George reached his hand out to the Japanese student. Just at that moment, however, Akira bowed so his nose touched George’s moving hand. They both apologized - another cultural mistake!

           Ahmed Aziz, another international student, was from Jordan. When we met yesterday, he moved very close to me as I introduced myself. I moved back a bit, but he came closer to ask a question and then shook my hand. When Darlene Coulon from France came dashing7 through the door, she recognized Tony Garcia’s smiling face. They shook hands and then kissed each other twice on each cheek, since that is the French custom when adults meet people they know. Ahmed Aziz., on the contrary8, simply nodded at the girls. Men from Middle Eastern and other Muslim countries will often stand quite close to other men to talk but will usually not touch women.

           As I get to know more international friends, I learn more about this cultural "body language". Not all cultures greet each other the same way, nor are they comfortable in the same way with touching9 or distance between people. In the same way that people communicate with spoken language, they also express their feelings using unspoken "language" through physical distance, actions or posture10. English people, for example, do not usually stand very close to others or touch strangers as soon as they meet. However, people from places like Spain, Italy or South American countries approach others closely and are more likely to touch them. Most people around the world now greet each other by shaking hands, but some cultures use other greetings as well, such as the Japanese, who prefer to bow.

           These actions are not good or bad, but are simply ways in which cultures have developed. I have seen, however, that cultural customs11 for body language are very general - not all members of a culture behave in the same way. In general, though, studying international customs can certainly help avoid difficulties12 in today’s world of cultural crossroads!

    1 representing
    v.表现( represent的现在分词 );代表;体现;作为…的代表
    2 association
    n.联盟,协会,社团;交往,联合;联想
    3 dormitories
    集体宿舍( dormitory的名词复数 )
    4 curiously
    adv.有求知欲地;好问地;奇特地
    5 closely
    adv.紧密地;严密地,密切地 
    6 defence
    n.保卫,防御,辩护
    7 dashing
    adj.时髦的,华丽的;劲头十足的;打扮漂亮的;勇敢的,有锐气的v.冲,猛冲(dash的现在分词);猛掷
    8 contrary
    adj.相反的;adv.相反的(地);n.反面,相反
    9 touching
    adj.动人的,使人感伤的
    10 posture
    n.姿势,姿态,心态,态度;v.作出某种姿势
    11 customs
    n.海关,关税
    12 difficulties
    n.困难( difficulty的名词复数 );难度;难事;麻烦


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