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牛津英语7B Unit 3 重点句子语法讲解
编辑:admin 时间:2012/11/2 10:32:00 来源:初中英语学习网

一、重点句子

1. The Sunnyside Garden is (to the) north-west of the zoo.
Taiwan is in the east of China. 台湾在中国的东部。A is in the east of B. A在B的东部(范围内)
Japan is to the east of China.日本在中国的东面。A is (to the) east of B. A在B的东部(范围外)
Hunan is on the south of Hubei湖南省位于湖北省的南部A is on the east of B. A地和B地相邻并接壤

2. There are some robbers in the buildings.  robber (n)抢劫犯robbery(n)抢劫,抢劫案
 rob (v) 抢劫 robbed(过去式)rob sb/s.p of sth (v) 抢劫某人/某地某物 steal sth from sb 偷某人某物 (stole)

3. The police are looking for him 警察正在寻找他(police是警察的总称,前常加the,,谓语动词用复数)

4. Paul tries to open the door but fails. He uses a knife and tries again. It works.
 鲍尔试图打开门,但失败. 他用一把刀子又试了一次,这次起作用/奏效了.

5. He uses a knife to open the door = He opens the door with a knife 他用小刀开门

6. Shall we take different routes? = Let us take different routes!
= What /How about taking different routes? = Why not take different routes?

7. He was surprised to see the three men in the police station.他在警察局惊讶的看到那三个人

8. Cross the road and you' ll see the museum.= If you walk across the road, you’ll see the museum

9. I don’t think it will rain tomorrow 我认为明天不会下雨(think,believe否定前移)

10. It is so cloudy. I think it is going to rain. 天气阴。我想要下雨了。

11. It's easy to walk from your building to mine.  (It's + adj + (for sb )+ to do sth)
  = Walking (=to walk) from your building to mine is easy 从你大楼跑到我的大楼是容易的

二、语法

1. 一般将来时

A. will + do (侧重于“意愿”)(表示较远的将来,或任何不特定的将来时间概念)(I / We) shall + do
(1)当will表示意愿时,用法相当于一个情态动词: I will try my best to help you. 我愿尽力帮助你
If you will read the book, I will lend it to you. 如果你愿意看这本书的话,我就把书借给你。
(2)He' ll write a book one day. 他有朝一日要写书 (表示较远的将来,不能用be going to)
(3)表示不受人的主观意愿影响的单纯的将来,一般用will,  I will be sixteen years old next year.
(4)对于临时决定,而事先未经过考虑的打算,计划,尽管是“主观”的,也要用will
Where is the dictionary? I' ll go and get it for you.
B. am / is /are going to do sth (侧重于事先经过考虑的打算,计划“准备,打算,计划,安排”);(近期的“即将”)
(1) 根据某种迹象表明将要发生某事. It is so cloudy. I think it is going to rain. 天气阴。我想要下雨了。
(2) 条件状语从句和时间状语从句中用be going to ,不能用will
(3) If you are going to play football this afternoon, you' d better wear sports clothes.
C. there be 的将来时为 there is/are going to be或there will be (将有)

2. 区别介词 through / across

     across 和 through 都可表示“横过”或“穿过”,前者主要表示从某物的表面“横过”,涉及“面”的概念;而后者则表示从某个空间“穿过”,涉及“体”的概念。如:
He walked across the road carefully. 他小心地走过马路。
He walked through the forest alone. 他独自一人走过森林。
有时 across 表示“横过”也可在“体”内进行,但此时它仍与through 有差别:前者表示从某个“体”的一端到另一端,而后者表示穿过两端。如:
He walked across the hall. 他从大厅的一端走到另一端。
He walked through the hall. 他穿过大厅。
     注意以下习惯用法:
(1) 与抽象名词连用,表示“通过”,一般只用 through。如:
He became richer through hard work. 他勤奋致富。
(2) 在美国中,可用 from ... through 表示“从……到”(此时不用along 或 across)。如:
We work from Monday through Saturday. 我们从星期一到星期六工作。


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