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    新课标高中英语必修5 Unit 4 重点短语句型
    编辑:admin 更新时间:2015-11-26 11:34:11 来源:中学英语网 【字号: 】 浏览:

    Unit 4 Making the news

    重点短语

    1. concentrate on
    集中;全神贯注于
    I can’t concentrate (on my studies) with that noise going on. 吵闹声不绝于耳, 我无法集中精力(于学习)。
    We must concentrate our efforts on improving education.
    我们必须致力于改进教育工作。
    Having failed my French exams, I decided to concentrate on science subjects. 我因法语考试不及格而决心专攻理科。
    This firm concentrates on the European market.
    这家公司把工作重点集中在欧洲市场。
    常用结构:
    concentrate one’s mind/attention on (upon)
    =fix one’s attention on=focus on=be absorbed in
    把注意力集中在
    联想拓展
    put one’s heart into sth.   全身心地做某事
    devote oneself to sth./doing sth.   把自己奉献给……
    concentrated adj.   极度的; 紧张的; 浓缩的
    concentrated study/hate/effort
    紧张的学习/强烈的仇恨/专心致志的努力
    concentrated fire   集中的火力
    concentrated food   压缩食品

    2. accuse ...of...
    因……控告/指责……
    I don’t think anyone can accuse him of not being frank.
    我看谁也不能说他不坦率。
    You can’t accuse Stephen of robbing the bank. He was round at my house all evening.
    你不能控告斯蒂芬打劫银行,他整晚都在我家。
    易混辨析:accuse/charge
    accuse, charge这两个动词都有“控诉,指控”之意,但它们后面所搭配的介词不同。
    accuse v.指控,控诉,常与介词of连用。
    charge v.可以指因为小错而受的责备,也可指因违法而受到控告,与介词with连用。
    例题:单项填空
    The policeman stopped him when he was driving home and _____ him of speeding.            
    A. Warn     B. accused      C. charged       D. Deprived
    解析: 选B。warn sb. of... 警告、告诫某人……;accuse sb. of...控告某人犯有……;charge sb. with... 指控某人犯有……罪;deprive sb. of sth.剥夺某人某物。

    重点句型

    1. What do you imagine will be your future occupation? Suppose you were to be a journalist for China Daily, do you know what kinds of jobs they have?
    你认为你未来的职业是什么?假设你即将成为《中国日报》的记者,你知道他们要做哪些类型的工作吗?
    “be to+动词原形”的常见用法:
    ①表示“按计划、安排即将发生某事或打算做某事”。
    ②指该做或不该做的事情(语气上接近于should, must, ought to, have to),表示命令、吩咐或禁止的语气。
    ③指能或不能发生的事情(接近于can, may),表示可能性。
    ④表示不可避免将要发生的事情,后来注定要发生的事情。
    ⑤用于条件从句,意为“如果想……,设想”(接近if ...want to/if ...should)。
    We are to meet at the school gate. 我们将在学校门口见面。
    You are to go to bed and keep quiet, kids. Our guests are arriving in less than 5 minutes.
    孩子们,你们必须上床睡觉,不准吵闹。我们的客人五分钟之内就要到了。
    How am I to know what has become of him?
    我怎么知道他的遭遇?
    His discussion with his new boss,Hu Xin, was to strongly influence his life as a reporter.
    他同新上司胡新的讨论对他的记者生涯必将产生很大的影响。
    If you are to succeed, you have to make more efforts.
    如果你想成功的话,你必须更加努力。
    例题:单项填空
    Greater efforts to increase agricultural production must be made if food shortage               avoided.
    A. is to be                        B. can be
    C. will be                          D. has been
    解析:选A。句意为:如果要避免食品短缺,就必须作出更大的努力来增加农业产量。条件状语从句中,要用一般现在时表示将来,故排除C项;B、D两项与句意不符。“be+不定式”可用于条件状语从句中,表示“如果想……”。

    2. A footballer was accused of taking money for deliberately not scoring goals so as to let the other team win.
    一个足球运动员被控受贿,故意不进球,好让另一队赢球。
    易混辨析:so as to/in order to
       so as to 意为“为了,目的是”,后接动词原形,在句中作目的状语,其否定形式为so as not to do sth.,可以转化成so that引导的目的状语从句。
        in order to也可以作目的状语,但是so as to和so that引导的目的状语不可置于句首,且so that 目的状语从句的谓语动词常含有can,could,may,might等词。
    She got up early in order to(so as to)catch the early bus.
    =In order to catch the early bus, she got up early.
    为了赶上早班车,她起得很早。
    He spoke loudly so as to be heard.
    他大声说话,以便让人听到。
    例题:单项填空
    The brilliance of his satires was ______ make even his victims laugh.
    A. so as to    B. such as to     C. so that     D. such that
    解析: 选B。句意为:他的讽刺太生动了,以至于被讽刺的人都笑了起来。so修饰形容词,such修饰名词或作表语。so that和such that常引导结果状语从句,所以排除C、D两项。


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