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人教版新目标九年级英语Unit2 知识点

九年级英语Unit2 知识点 1. used to do sth. 过去常常做某事 否定形式:didn’t use to do sth. / used not to do sth...

九年级英语Unit2 知识点

1. used to do sth. 过去常常做某事

    否定形式:didn’t use to do sth. / used not to do sth.

    如:He used to play football after school. 放学后他过去常常踢足球。

    Did he use to play football? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t.

    He didn’t use to smoke. 他过去不吸烟。

2. 反意疑问句

  ①肯定陈述句+否定提问 如:

     Lily is a student, isn’t she?

     Lily will go to China, won’t she?

     ②否定陈述句+肯定提问  如:

     She doesn’t come from China, does she?

     You haven’t finished homework, have you?

     ③提问部分用代词而不用名词 Lily is a student, isn’t she?

     ④陈述句中含有否定意义的词,如:little, few, never, nothing, hardly等。其反意疑问句用肯定式。如:

     He knows little English, does he? 他一点也不懂英语,不是吗?

     They hardly understood it, did they? 他们几乎不明白,不是吗?

3. play the piano 弹钢琴

4. ①be interested in sth. 对…感兴趣

    ②be interested in doing sth. 对做…感兴趣

    如:He is interested in math, but he isn’t interested in speaking English. 他对数学感兴趣,但是他对说英语不感兴趣。

5. interested adj. 感兴趣的,指人对某事物感兴趣,往往主语是人

    interesting adj.有趣的,指某事物/某人具有趣味,主语往往是物

6. still 仍然,还 

    用在be动词的后面 如:I’m still a student.

    用在行为动词的前面 如:I still love him.

7. the dark 天黑,晚上,黑暗

8. 害怕…  be terrified of sth.  如:I am terrified of the dog.

    be terrified of doing sth. 如:I am terrified of speaking.

9. on 副词,表示(电灯、电视、机械等)在运转中/打开,

    其反义词off. with the light on 灯开着

10. walk to somewhere 步行到某处  walk to school 步行到学校

11. spend 动词,表示“花费金钱、时间”

    ①spend…on sth. 在某事上花费(金钱、时间)

    ②spend…doing sth. 花费(金钱、时间)去做某事 如:

    He spends too much time on clothes. 他花费太多的时间在衣着

    He spend 3 months building the bridge. 他花费了三个月去建这座桥。

    Pay for 花费 如:I pay 10 yuan for the book. 我花了10元买这本书。

12. take 动词,有“花费”的意思。常用的结构有:

    take sb.  … to do sth. 如:It takes me a day to read the book.

13. chat with sb. 与某人闲聊 如:I like to chat with him. 我喜欢和他聊天。

14. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人/某事 worry 是动词

    be worried about sb./sth. 担心某人/某事 worried 是形容词 

    如:Don’t worry about him. 不用担心他。

    Mother is worried about her son. 妈妈担心他的儿子。

15. all the time 一直、始终

16. take sb. to + 地方 送/带某人去某个地方 如:

    A person took him to the hospital. 一个人把他送到了医院。

    Lui took me home. 刘把我送回了家。(home 的前面不能用to)

17. hardly  adv. 几乎不、没有

    hardly ever  很少 

    hardly 修饰动词时,通常放在助动词、情态动词之后,实义动词之前。助动词/情态动词+hardly; hardly + 实义动词 如:

    I can hardly understand them. 我几乎不能够明白他们。

    I hardly have time to do it. 我几乎没有时间去做了。

18. miss  v.  思念、想念、错过

19. in the last few years. 在过去的几年内 常与完成时连用 如:

    I have lived in China in the last few years. 在过去的几年内我在中国住。

20. be different from 与…不同

21. how to swim 怎样游泳 

    不定式与疑问词连用:动词不定式可以和what, which, how, where, when 等引导的疑问句连用,构成不定工短语。如:

    The question is when to start. 问题是什么时候开始。

    I don’t know where to go. 我不知道去哪。

22. make sb./ sth. + 形容词 make you happy

    make sb./ sth. + 动词原形  make him laugh

23. move to +地方 搬到某地 如:I moved to Beijing last year.

24. it seems that +从句 看起来好像…… 如:

    It seems that he has changed a lot. 看起来他好像变了许多。

25. help sb. with sth. 帮某人某事  

    help sb. (to ) do sth. 帮某人做某事 

    She helped me with English. 她帮助我学英语。

    She helped me (to) study English。 她帮助我学习英语。

26. fifteen-year-old 作形容词 15岁的 

    fifteen-year-olds 作名词指15岁的人

  fifteen years old 指年龄 15岁 如:

    a fifteen-year-old boy 一个15岁的男孩

    Fifteen-year-olds like to sing. 15岁的人喜欢唱歌。

    I am fifteen years old . 我是15岁。

27. 支付不起…  can’t /couldn’t afford to do sth. can’t / couldn’t afford sth.

    如:I can’t/couldn’t afford to buy the car.

    I can’t/couldn’t afford the car.  我买不起这个辆小车。

28. as + 形容词./副词+as sb. could/can 尽某人的…能力 如:

    Zhou run as fast as her could/can. 她尽她最快的能力去跑。

29. get into trouble with 遇到麻烦 

30. in the end 最后

31. make a decision 下决定 下决心 

32. to one’s surprise 令某人惊讶 如:to LiLei’s surprise 令李雷惊讶

33. take pride in sth. 以…而自豪 如:

    His father always take pride in him. 他的爸爸总是以他而自豪

34. pay attention to sth. 对…注意,留心 如:

    You must pay attention to your friend. 你应该多注意你的朋友。

35. be able to do sth. 能做某事 如:

    She is able to do it. 她能够做到。

36. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 如:

     My father has given up smoking. 我爸爸已经放弃吸烟了。如:

37. 不再 ①no more = no longer ②not …any more = not …any longer

     I play tennis no more/ longer. 我不再打网球。

     I don’t play tennis any more/longer. 我不再打网球。

38. go to sleep 入睡

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