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人教版高中英语必修1 Unit3 Travel journal 重点单词讲解

Unit3 Travel journal 重点单词 1. persuadevt.说服;劝服;使相信(同convince)常用结构:persuade sb. of sth. 使某人相信某事pers...

Unit3 Travel journal 重点单词

1. persuade

vt.说服;劝服;使相信(同convince)

常用结构:

persuade sb. of sth. 使某人相信某事

persuade sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事

persuade sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事

persuade sb. out of doing sth. 说服某人不要做某事

persuade sb. that-clause 使某人相信……

联想拓展

talk sb. into/out of doing sth.

=reason sb. into/out of doing sth.

说服某人做/不做某事

trick sb. into/out of doing sth. 诱使某人做/不做某事

urge sb. into/out of doing sth. 怂恿某人做/不做某事

易混辨析:advise/persuade

advise 强调“劝告,建议”的动作,不注重结果;而persuade强调“已经说服”,重在结果。用法上:advise可跟v.-ing形式作宾语,也可以接that-clause (that sb. should do),而persuade则不能。

I persuaded him of its truth.  我使他相信这是真的。

We will persuade him to take the medicine.

我们将说服他把药吃下去。

We persuaded her into taking the job.

我们说服她接受了这份工作。

I persuaded my father out of smoking.

我劝服父亲戒了烟。

She persuaded me that death does not end all.

她说服我相信了死并不能结束一切。

He persuaded her to go to school, even though she did not want to.  即使她不想去上学,他还是说服她去了。

He advised that we (should) leave early.

他建议我们早点出发。

2. determine

vt. (使)决定,决心要;确定

常用结构:

determine + n. / pron.决(确)定

determine to do sth.决定做某事 (表示动作,是非延续性动词短语)

determine on/upon ...决定……

determine that/what ...决定……

determine sb.to do sth.使某人决定做某事

determine sb. against sth.使某人决定不做某事

be determined to do sth.决心做某事 (表示状态,可与表示时间段的状语连用)

We determine to go to the railway station at once.

我们决定立刻去火车站。

The court determined that the man was guilty of assault. 

法庭裁定那个人犯了侵犯人身罪。

That determined her against leaving home. 

那件事使她决定不离开家了。

联想拓展

determined adj. 坚决的,有决心的

determination n. 决心

I was determined to make it as a jazz musician.

我决定要成为一名爵士乐音乐家。

温馨提示

be determined to do与determine to do 意思基本一致,但前者表示状态,可与某段时间状语连用;后者表示动作,是非延续性的动词短语。类似的短语还有:prepare for/be prepared for,worry about/be worried about。这类结构常考查分词作状语的用法。

3. insist

v. 坚持;坚决要求

You can come back later, if you insist.

如果你一定要坚持,就稍后再来吧。

常用结构:

insist on/upon sth./(sb’s) doing sth.

坚持某事/要求(某人)做某事

insist that ....(should)坚持……

I still insist on my viewpoint.  我仍然坚持我的观点。

He insisted on paying for the meal.  他坚持要付饭钱。

Mother insisted on our washing the clothes by ourselves.

妈妈坚决要求我们自己洗衣服。

温馨提示

insist当“坚决要求”解时,后面的从句应用虚拟语气,即谓语部分用“should+动词原形”或直接用动词原形;如果insist当“坚持(认为;说)”解时,后面的从句不用虚拟语气。

4. once

用法较多,意思也比较丰富,既可以用作连词,也可以用作副词。

once用作连词时,意为“一旦……就……”,连接时间状语从句,相当于as soon as。

once用作副词时,意为“曾经;一度;从前”。它是一个不确定的时间副词,其位置一般是在行为动词之前,系动词之后。

once用作副词,也可意为“一次”。

Once you start, you will never give up.

一旦开始了,你就不要放弃。

Physics is easy to learn once you understand the rules.

一旦你理解了规则,物理就不难学了。

Once he lived in America, but now he lives in England.

他曾经居住在美国,但现在他生活在英国。

His song was once very popular among the young people.

他的歌曾经在年轻人中很流行。

The old professor comes to see us once a week.

那个老教授一周来看我们一次。

Tell us the story once more.把那个故事再给我们讲一遍。

联想拓展

at once 立刻;马上

once again再一次;又一次(相当于once more)

all at once突然(相当于suddenly)

once upon a time很早以前;从前

once in a while偶尔;间或once/as soon as

once偏重于条件,而as soon as偏重于时间。

Once you see the film, you’d never forget it(不宜用as soon as).

你一旦看了这部电影,你就永远不会忘记它。

As soon as he got off the plane, we wanted to say hello to him(不宜用once).

他一下飞机,我们就想向他打招呼。

5. view

n. 风景;视野;观点;见解

vt. 观看;注视;考虑

The house has a view over the sea.

这座房子面向大海,视野开阔。

What is your view on school punishments?

你对学校的处罚有什么看法?

The plan was viewed favorably.这项计划是受到称赞的。

联想拓展

in one’s view  在某人看来

come into view  进入视野,看得见

in full view (of sb./sth.)  完全看得见

in view of sth. 鉴于,考虑到,由于

with a view to sth./to doing sth.为了,指望

Several possible buyers have come to view the house.

几个可能是买主的人来看过房子。

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