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人教版高中英语必修1 Unit3 Travel journal 重点句型讲解

Unit3 Travel journal 重点句型 1. Which kind of transport do you prefer to use: bus or train?汽车和火车,你更喜欢使用...

Unit3 Travel journal 重点句型

1. Which kind of transport do you prefer to use: bus or train?

汽车和火车,你更喜欢使用哪种交通方式?

prefer to do (rather than do) 意为“宁可;宁愿(表选择)”或者“更喜欢做某事”。 其本身带有like better的含义,所以不能再与表示程度的better或more连用。

联想拓展

prefer sth.  喜欢某事/物

prefer doing sth. 更喜欢做某事

prefer+to do sth. (表示特定场合下)更喜欢做某事

prefer sb. to do sth.  宁愿某人做某事

prefer A to B/prefer doing A to doing B

宁愿……而不愿……

prefer to do A rather than do B

宁愿做A而不愿做B

prefer + that-clause (虚拟语气)+(should) +do

喜欢做某事

Do you prefer cooking for yourself or eating in a restaurant?

你是喜欢自己做饭还是下馆子?

Their father prefers them to be home early.

他们的父亲宁愿他们早点回家。

I prefer writing a term paper to taking an examination.

我宁愿写一篇学术论文也不愿参加考试。

He preferred to die rather than become a traitor.

他宁死也不做叛徒。

Would you prefer that I(should)come on Monday instead of on Tuesday? 你宁愿让我星期一来而不是星期二来吗?

高手过招

单项填空

My sister ____ singing ____ dancing while I dance sing.

A. prefers; to; would rather; than   B. would rather; than; prefer; to

C. prefers; rather than; would rather; to   D. would rather; to; prefer; to

解析:选A。考查固定搭配。prefer的搭配是prefer to do rather than do或prefer doing to doing;would rather的搭配是would rather do than do或would do rather than do,因此A项正确。

2. When I told her the air would be hard to breathe and it would be very cold, she said it would be an interesting experience.

当我告诉她那里空气稀薄,呼吸困难,而且天气很冷时,她却说这将是一次有趣的经历。

“...the air would be hard to breathe ...”是“主语+系动词+形容词+不定式”结构,其中不定式的谓语与主语在意义上是动宾关系,但要用主动形式表示被动意义,不定式后面如果是不及物动词要在其后加适当的介词与主语构成动宾关系。这一类的形容词通常可以描绘主语的情绪、态度、品质属性或者难易程度,如hard, difficult, easy, nice, interesting, important, pleasant和comfortable等。

Your writing is impossible to read. 你写的字太难辨认了。

Do you think the water is safe to drink?

你认为这水喝起来安全吗?

The chair looks rather hard, but it is very comfortable to sit on. 这把椅子看上去很硬,但坐起来很舒服。

高手过招

完成句子 (原创)

①有时候她很不容易理解。

She was difficult ___________ at times. 

②他是唯一一个被授予这种荣誉的外国人。

He was the only foreigner ___________ such an honour.

①to understand           ②to be given

3. A determined person always tries to finish the job, no matter how hard it is.

有决心的人总是努力完成工作,不管它有多么难。

no matter how ...引导让步状语从句,意为“无论多么……”,how后跟形容词或副词,相当于“however + adj./adv.”句式。

联想拓展

no matter意为“无论;不管”时,引导让步状语从句,常用于下列句型中:no matter what (who/when etc. )... 分别表示“无论何事”、“无论何人”、“无论何时”等,这个从句可以置于主句之前,也可以置于主句之后。no matter后接关系代词或关系副词引导的状语从句在句中作让步状语。

注意:whatever, however, whoever etc.可引导状语从句,也可引导名词性从句。

No matter what happened, he would not mind. 

=Whatever happened, he would not mind. 

不管发生什么,他都不在意。

(错)Prisoners have to eat no matter what they’re given.

(对)Prisoners have to eat whatever they’re given.

囚犯们只能给什么吃什么。

No matter how hard he works, he can not get a promotion.

不管他工作多努力, 他就是得不到提升。

No matter what you do, you must be very careful.

不管做什么事,你都必须非常细心。

No matter who you are (=Whoever you are), I’ll never let you in.无论你是谁,我绝不让你进去。

No matter which you choose(=Whichever you choose), you will be satisfied. 不论你选择哪一个,你都会满意的。 No matter where I go (=Wherever I go), I will be thinking of you.  无论我去哪里,我都会想着你。

高手过招

单项填空

①  ________ the problem may be, we must solve it ourselves.

A. Whatever difficult             B. How difficult 

C. However difficult              D. No matter what difficult

②It is generally considered unwise to give a child ________  he or she wants.

A. however                           B. whatever

C. whichever                        D. whenever

①解析:选C。句意为:不管问题有多难,我们都要独立解决。 difficult为形容词,因此用how修饰,表示程度。however在这里没有转折的意思,相当于no matter how,因此答案为C。

②解析:选B。考查从属关联词的用法。whatever等于anything that或everything that,引导宾语从句。whatever一方面起引导词的作用,同时作从句中wants的宾语。

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