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人教版高中英语必修1 Unit 4 Earthquakes 重点短语讲解

Unit 4 Earthquakes 重点短语 1. right away 立刻,马上 I’ll return the book to you right away. 我会马上还书给你。If wa...

Unit 4  Earthquakes 重点短语

1. right away

立刻,马上

I’ll return the book to you right away.  我会马上还书给你。

If war breaks out, we shall be called up right away.

如果战争爆发,我们将立即被征召服役。

联想拓展

right now=at once=immediately=in no time立刻,马上

2. think of

认为;考虑

联想拓展

think poorly of不放在眼里;轻视

think twice 再三考虑

think little/nothing of轻视;忽略

think much/highly of重视;看重,评价高

What do you think of ...?认为……怎么样?

think about考虑;回想;想起

think of考虑;记忆,记起

think sth. over仔细想;谨慎思考;作进一步考虑

think sth.  out认真考虑;仔细盘算

think sth. up想出,发明

The government thinks highly of his invention because it will benefit the whole country.

政府非常重视他的发明,因为它将有益于全国人民。

The foolish boss thought little of my suggestions on that project.

那个愚蠢的老板根本就不重视我对那项工程的建议。

He is thinking about travelling in the summer holidays. 

他正在考虑暑假旅游的事。

I can’t think of his name at the moment. 

我一时想不起他的名字。

Please think over what I said.  请仔细考虑我说的话。

He thought out a new idea.  他盘算出了一个新主意。

3. at an end 

结束,终结(= finish)

联想拓展

end n.&v. 结事,终结

与end搭配的常用短语

at the end of在……末尾

by the end of到……末为止

in the end最后,终于

at a loose end无所事事;处于杂乱状态

make ends meet收支相抵

The war was finally at an end.战争终于结束了。

4. instead of 

代替,而不是

The Chinese use chopsticks instead of knives and forks.

中国人不用刀叉,用筷子。

Instead of working, Jack was idling away his time.

杰克不去工作,虚度着光阴。

She decided to leave here on Sunday instead of Monday.

她决定星期日而不是星期一离开这里。

易混辨析:instead/instead of/in place of/take the place of

instead 是副词,单独使用,用于句首或句末作状语,意为“而是,相反”。

instead of 是复合介词,后接名词、代词、或动名词,意为“代替、而不……”。

in place of 为介词短语,也是“代替、而不”的意思,表示“以甲代乙”,而instead of则是“用甲不用乙”,除“代替”外,还有对乙否定的意思,有时意为“不”。

take the place of (replace)作谓语,用在名词、代词前。

5. the number of

意为“……的数量、数目”,作主语时谓语动词用单数;a number of意为“一些,很多”,相当于 many, 后接可数名词复数,当它作主语时,谓语动词用复数。

The number of competitors is limit.

参赛者的数量是有限的。

A number of problems have arisen. 已经出现了一些问题。

a large /great/good number of;a great/good many;a good few/quite a few+可数名词复数,意为“大量的”;

a great/good deal; a great/ large amount of; quite a little+ 不可数名词,意为“大量的”;

a lot of/lots of; a great /large quantity of; large quantities of/ plenty of +可数名词复数/不可数名词均可,意为“大量的”。但是a great/large quantity of ..., large quantities of ...作主语时谓语动词与quantity形式一致。

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