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外研版高中英语必修2 Module 4 Fine Arts 重点短语句型

Module 4 Fine Arts—Western, Chinese and Pop Arts 重点短语 1. tell sb. of sth. 告诉某人某事 2. aim to do sth. 目标...

Module 4 Fine Arts—Western, Chinese and Pop Arts

重点短语

1. tell sb. of sth.  告诉某人某事

2. aim to do sth.  目标是做…

  aim at doing sth.

3. show sb. in /out 恭迎某人/恭送某人

4. take turns  轮流

  in turn 依次,轮流

  It’s one’s turn to do sth. 轮到某人做某事

5. manage to do 设法做成…

6. suggest doing sth. 建议做…

7. be fond of 喜欢

8. tell by… 从…可以看出

9. put off 推迟,延期

10. get tired of 对…感到厌烦

   be tired from 因…而疲倦

11. attempt to do stn. 企图做

12. observe sb doing sth. 看到某人正在做某事

13. all the time 一直,总是

14. can’t stand 不能忍受

15. in one’s twenties 在某人二十多岁的时候

重点句型

一、This is a painting by the Spanish artist, Pablo Picasso, considered to be the greatest western artist of the twentieth century.

这是西班牙画家巴勃罗•毕加索的一幅油画,他被认为是20世纪西方做伟大的画家。

Considered to be … 该短语为过去分词,在句中作定语, 修饰Picasso. 本句中consider 的用法如下:

1、consider意为“考虑, 细想”时, 其后可跟:

1.) 名词或代词:

We must consider the matter from different standpoints.

我们应当从各个角度来考虑一下这件事。

We must consider it very carefully.

2.) 从句:

We must consider what's to be done.

He considered how he should answer.

3.) “疑问词+不定式”:

Have you considered how to get there? 你是否考虑过如何到那里?

We have to consider what material to use first. 我们先得考虑用什么材料。

注意: consider作“考虑”解时, 不能直接接不定式。

4.)动名词:

He considered going to see them in person. 他考虑亲自去看望他们。

He is considering changing his job. 他在考虑调换一下工作。

5.) 介词over或单独用:

He said they had considered over it. 他说他们已经考虑过了。

Let me consider. 让我考虑一下。

2、consider意为“认为, 以为, 把……看作”, 其后可跟:

1.) 从句:

We consider that a friend in need is a friend indeed.

我们认为患难之友才是真正的朋友。

2.) 名词的复合结构(即名词作宾语补足语):

We consider Beijing the heart of our country.

我们认为北京是我国的心脏。

3.) 带形容词的复合结构:

They considered me too young to do the work.

他们认为我太年轻, 干不了这项工作。

4.) 带不定式的复合结构:

We consider only such methods to be correct.

我们认为只有这样的方法才是正确的。

注意: 不定式后主要是be, 间或为其它动词(多为完成式)。

We all considered him to have stolen Tom's wallet.

我们都以为是他偷了汤姆的钱包。

5.) 带介词短语的复合结构:

We always consider these people as our true comrades.

我们一向认为这些人是我们真正的同志。

They always consider themselves in the right. 他们总认为自己对。

6.) 带“it形式宾语+形容词+真正宾语(动词不定式、从句等)”:

We consider it our duty to help her. 我们认为帮助她是我们的职责。

I consider it a great pleasure that I can work with you.

我觉得能和你在一起工作是极大的快乐。

注意: consider作“认为”解时, 一般不接动名词。

二、Cubist artists painted objects and people, with different aspects of the object or person showing at the same time.

立体派画家所画的内容为人与物,画面同时呈现人与物的各个面。

With 复合结构指的是“with+宾语+宾语补足语”结构,它是一个十分有用的结构,不仅教材中经常出现,考试中经常考到,

1)with+宾语+形容词

He often sleeps with the windows open.

Don’t speak with your mouth full.

2) with+宾语+副词www.zkenglish.com

He stood before his teacher with his head down.

He was lying on the bed with all his clothes on

3)with+宾语+名词

He died with his daughter yet a schoolgirl

4)with+宾语+介词短语

She said good-bye with tears in her eyes.

He was asleep with his head on his arms.

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