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    高中英语反意疑问句精讲
    编辑:admin 更新时间:2015-6-9 9:51:57 来源:中学英语网 【字号: 】 浏览:

      反意疑问句是附加在陈述句之后,对陈述句所表示的事实或观点提出疑问的句子.附加疑问实际上是一种简略的一般疑问句。反意疑问句的结构:陈述句(主语+谓语……),+助动词/情态动词/be动词+主语(代词形式)?

      说明:陈述句部分如果是肯定句,反意疑问句,疑问句部分的助动词/情态动词/be动词+not (否定提问);如果陈述句部分是否定句,反意疑问句,疑问句部分用肯定式提问。

    一、反意疑问句:依据陈述句的主语

    1. 当陈述句的主语为:
    this,that,everything,anything,something,nothing等时,反意疑问句的主语用it。
    This is the man you are going to see,isn't it?这就是你要见的那个人,对吗?
    That's a lovely dress,isn't it?那是一套美丽可人的衣服,不是吗?
    Under the direction of Professor Lee,everything goes well,doesn't it?在李教授的指导下,一切运行正常,不是吗?
    Something is the matter with his voice,isn't it?他的嗓音有些不对头,不是吗?
    Anything that smells of cold war should be avoided,shouldn't it?凡有冷战意味的言行都应避免,对吗?
    Nothing can excuse such carelessness,can it?如此疏忽大意是绝不能原谅的,不是吗?
    2. 当陈述句的主语为:
    anyone,anybody,everyone,everybody,somebody,someone,nobody,no one,these,those等时,反意疑问句中的主语用they。
    Anyone over eighteen years of age counts as adult,don't they?凡是超过18岁的都算成年人,不是吗?
    Anybody can enter for the competition,can't they?任何人都能参与竞争,是吗?
    Everyone pronounced the dinner to be very good,didn't they?人人都称这顿饭菜好,不是吗?
    Everybody stands up when the judge enters the court,don't they?法官进入法庭时所有的人都起立,对吗?
    Somebody tried to gatecrash,didn't they?有人想无票入场,是不是?
    Someone stole his wallet on the bus,didn't they?有人在公共汽车上偷了他的钱包,是不是?
    Nobody says a word about the incident,do they?对于这场事故人们守口如瓶,是吗?
    No one could match the skill of the well-known archer,could they?没有哪个人的技艺能比得上那位出名的射箭运动员,不是吗?
    These are the parcels full of the effects of dead soldiers,aren't they?这些是装满士兵遗物的包裹,对吗?
    Those who were once for him have turned against him,haven't they?那些原来支持他的人现在转而反对他,是吗?
    3. 当陈述句主语为such时,反意疑问句的主谓语的数随主句谓语而定。主语为单数时用it,主语为复数时用they。
    Such is life,isn't it?人生就是这样,不是吗?
    Such is his trick,isn't it?这就是他的诡计,对吗?
    Such are the most powerful voices of our times,aren't they?这些就是我们时代的最有力的声音,不是吗?
    Such are your excuses,aren't they?这些就是你的借口,对吗?
    4. 当陈述句的主语是动词不定式、动名词时,反意疑问句的主语用it。
    To kick a cat is a cruel act,isn't it?踢猫是残忍的行为,不是吗?
    To argue with him is like beating the air,isn't it?和他辩论是白费气力,不是吗?
    Doing crosswards gives some exercise to the mind,doesn't it?做纵横字谜游戏能锻炼脑筋,不是吗?
    Doing morning exercises has helped to improve her health,hasn't it?做早操有助于增进她的健康,是吗?
    5. 当陈述句的主语为each of...结构时,反意疑问句主语用he,she或it时强调“各个,各自”;用we,you或they时强调“全体”。
    Each of the visitors was presented with a souvenir,isn't he?每位来宾都得到了纪念品,是吗?
    Each of us have got the prize,haven't we?我们每位都得了奖,不是吗?
    6. 当陈述句主语为one时,反意疑问句的主语在正式场合用one,非正式场合用you。
    One should be exact in his statement,shouldn't one?一个人说话应该严谨,不是吗?
    One should do one's best for the country,shouldn't one?人应对自己的国家尽忠,不是吗?
    One could hear every subject under the sun being hotly discussed,couldn't you?你们可以听到人们天南海北什么都谈得很热烈,不是吗?
    7. none of...结构作主语时,反意疑问句谓语动词的数和人称要同前面的陈述部分一致。
    None of his relatives are close by,are they?他的亲戚没有一个关系密切的,是吗?
    None of his arguments seems to me to hold water,does it?在我看来,他的论点没有一个能成立,不是吗?
    None of the others have lived my experience,have they?别人都不曾有过我这样的经历,不是吗?
    8. 当陈述句的主语是含有I的两人时,其反意疑问句中的主语用we。
    You and I will go there together tomorrow,won't we?我和你明天一起去那里,好吗?
    You and I drew the plan,didn't we?我和你起草的计划,不是吗?
    9. 当陈述句的主语是类似于whisky and soda的混合物或类似于love and care为同一概念时,其反意疑问句中的主语用it。
    Whisky and soda sells well here,doesn't it?掺有苏打水的威士忌在这儿销路不错,不是吗?
    The love and care she gets from her husband is intense,isn't it?她从丈夫那儿得到的关爱是强烈的,不是吗?


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